CD Terms & Organisations

Action
Action takes place when a group actively works towards a goal in contrast to merely learning about it. The most effective training is action training where the participants learn by doing. The role of a CD work is to both stimulate and guide community action

Action Planning
Action planning is a process which will help you to focus your ideas and decide what steps you need to take to achieve particular goals

Additionality
A way of measuring the benefits of a project, highlighting the changes that have been brought about, which would not have occurred if the project had not taken place

Anti-Poverty Stratergies (APS)
The aim of APS is to co-ordinate approaches to tackling poverty, including programmes to help people claim benefits, manage debt, have access to low interest small loans and better access to social work and housing services.

Area Based Regeneration
In some areas, problems of economic, social and environmental dereliction combine to lock local communities into a vicious cycle of exclusion. Area-based initiatives encourage a range of partners to work together, targeting their resources to improve the quality of life in these areas.

Baseline
a measurement of the starting conditions, for example, unemployment figures, before a programme is undertaken. The benefits of a programme can be assessed over time by comparing the baseline with more up-to-date figures

Campaigning
Efforts to achieve political or social change by persuading other people or the government to do something

Capacity Building
Shorthand for a wide range of support, techniques and initiatives which aim to build the capacity of individuals, organisations or communities in terms of skills, knowledge and competencies to enable them to contribute effectively to projects and regeneration.Often used tto address a lack of perceived skills in disadvantaged communities, it can apply equally to the lack of skills and understanding within large organisations about how communities work.

Collective Leadership
Collective leadership is an emerging field, so there is no single definition. It is about embracing and marshalling human, cultural, and technological resources to enable local people to work together to improve the collective well being of their community.

Collective leadership becomes possible when members of a group, motivated by a common purpose, build respectful relationships with each other that allow them to co-construct a shared purpose and work. This is about progressing from “I” to “We.”

Community
A group of people who are unified by something they have in common which could be where they live, a shared interest or a shared identit or history and cultural tradition.

Community Activists
People who are active on a voluntary basis in the development of their communities.It can also refer to the use of direct, often confrontational action, such as a demonstration or strike, in opposition to or support of a cause.

Community Capacity
Strenghthens or supports the community’s ability to provide sustainable services. Capacity is developed through a mix of peoples skills and community resources.

Community Cohesion
Is a term that has recently become increasingly popular in public policy debates. It is closely linked to other concepts, such as inclusion and exclusion, social capital and differentiation, community and neighbourhood. In this way, it has indirectly been the focus of a number of policies and initiatives aimed principally at reducing social exclusion. The simplest measure of community cohesion would be of groups who live in a local area getting together to promote or defend some common local interest.

Community Development
Community Development is a process of change whereby people work together around common issues and aspirations in ways that enhance learning. Encourage participation, and support the development of culture of informed and accountable decision making.

Community Development Learning
Takes place when individuals and groups/organisations come together to share experience, learn from each other, and develop their skills, knowledge and self-confidence. It is a developmental process that is both a collective and individual experience, based on a commitment to equal partnership between all those involved to enable a sharing of skills, awareness, knowledge, and experience in order to bring about sustainable desired outcomes (Source: Federation of Community Development Learning)

Community Enterprise
Community enterprises are business with explicit social aims and are accountable to their communities.

Community Groups & Organisations
Community organizations (sometimes known as community-based organizations) are civil society non-profit bodies. Controlled and organised by their users and often run on a voluntary self-funding basis.They vary in terms of size and organizational structure, some are formally incorporated with a written constitution and a board of directors (also known as a committee), while others are smaller and more informal.The recent evolution of community organizations, especially in developing countries, has strengthened the view that these “bottom-up” organizations are more effective in addressing local needs than larger charitable organizations.

Community of Identity
A group of people who are unified by something they have in common which could be where they live, a common interest or for example an ethnic, racial or religious identity.

Community of Interest
Defines a community by common cultural heritage, language, beliefs or shared interests, age and so on. Relationships, shared interests and land may define a community for each individual. People may belong to several communities at one time.

Community organisation
The phases of social organization where a community works to control its affairs democratically and to secure services from outside specialists, organizations, agencies, and institutions.

Community Participation
Enabling people to contribute and share in the decisions that affect their lives so that they become active partners in the regeneration of their communities. Participation should enable people to have a degree of power and control in the processes with which they are involved.

Community Strategies
In Wales each local authority has a community strategy which sets out a vision for the future and promotes the economic, social and environmental well being of their area . However the levels of community involvement differs from county to county.

Community and Town Councils
There are 735 community and town councils in Wales, representing the tier of government closest to the people. Councils cover approximately 94% of the land area and 70% of the population of Wales. The communities they serve range from small rural settlements to large towns and their budgets vary accordingly. What they all have in common is serving their communities and acting to improve the quality of life in their locality. This is achieved through exercising a range of statutory powers and duties.

Community Workers
People working in a paid or unpaid capacity, who undertake community development as their main role. They may focus on specific issues with communities, e.g. Health, or have a generic brief.

Co-operation
Working together to identify and implement action, based on mutual respect of diverse cultures and contributions

Cultural Change
Undertaking a change in behaviour, practices and attitudes in order to achieve an improved balance of power within communities.

Development Committee
The Development Committee is the Executive, Project Committee or CIC (Community Implementing Committee) of the community, chosen by the community as a whole, responsible for carrying out the wishes of the whole community.

Empowerment
To give someone more control over their life or more power to do something. The empowerment of a community (or organisation) is an increase in its strength, improvement in its capacity (ability) to accomplish its goals.

Enabling Environment
This is an environment (political, regulatory) around a community that enables the community to unite, identify its own resources, engage in self help activities, and become more self reliant.

Equality
The understanding that all people should be treated equally, irrespective of race, colour, ethnic background, age, gender, ability or sexuality.

Equality Impact Assessment
An equality impact assessment (EIA) is a process designed to ensure that a policy, project or scheme does not discriminate against any disadvantaged or vulnerable people.

Evaluation
To think carefully about something before making a judgment about its value, importance, or quality.

Facilitation
Facilitation is a more interactive method of training and organizing participants

Gate Keepers
A person, sometimes self-appointed, who controls access to information within a community and access to community members

Governance
Governance refers to the process of ensuring that an organization effectively achieves its mission and objectives. Governenance also refers to the total pattern of decision making, control, management, co-ordination and power processes of an organization.

Mapping Community Capacity
(Or Asset Mapping) Is an important tool for building community, understanding community strengths and assets and sustainable economic viability.

Mentors
An experienced person who helps someone with less experience particularly in work settings

Neighbourhood
A neighbourhood or neighborhood is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town or suburb. Neighbourhoods can be defined spatially and functionally as social communities where face-to-face interaction happens frequently and where residents aim to share common values and develop effective local social ‘control’.

Outcomes
Outcomes are the effects of action taken and can be quantative and qualitative.

Outputs
Outputs are the direct ‘products’ of a community development process. They are the actions that can be planned using available inputs e.g. orgnaising a commuity conference, providing an information service.They are set because they are believed to have the potential to lead to wider change and are within the control of the individual, agency or group that determines them.

Participation
The process of taking part with the aim of making a difference to the status quo.

Participative Appraisal
Participative Appraisal is an approach to research that has been used in developing countries to enable local people to obtain, share and analyse knowledge of their life and conditions in order to plan and act according to that knowledge. it is now recognised that people have a greater capacity to map, model, quantify, estimate, rank, score and diagram than outsiders have generally supposed them capable of.

Poverty
Poverty is about being unable to meet or access basic human needs such as clean water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter and is also referred to as absolute poverty or destitution. Relative poverty is the condition of having fewer resources or less income than others within a society or country or compared to worldwide averages. About 1.7 billion people live in absolute poverty. Poverty can result in “poverty of spirit” which manifests in hopelessness, dependence upon others, lack of confidence, skills and trust and to able to develop sustainable organisation and management systems.

Social Capital
Is the glue that holds a community together, It is a collection of human capital invested in the common life of a community. It includes people skills and abilities, institutions and networks of trusting relationships. It refers to organisations and networks that unite memebers into communities of mutual respect and shared responsibilty.

Social Enterprise
A business with primarily social objectives whose surpluses are principally reinvested for that purpose in the community, rather than being driven by the need to maximise profit for shareholders and owners

Social Exclusion
Refers to barriers that prevent people from participating fully in society. These include low income, racism, racial profiling, barriers to employment and access to affordable housing and

Social Inclusion
Means that all citizens participate meaningfully in the community and are provided with equal opportunities and basic levels of well being. The belief that all people should feel that they are included in society, even if they lack some advantages.

Social Justice
Enabling people to claim their human rights, meet their needs, and have greater control over the decision-making processes which affect their lives.

Socialism
A political system that aims to create a society in which everyone has equal opportunities and in which the most important industries are owned or controlled by the whole community

Strategy
A plan or method for achieving something, especially over a long period of time

Sustainability
Early research on sustainable development focused on economic and environmental sustainability . More current research has introduced the concept of a sustainable community, “a community which has a strong sense of place, and supportive networks receptive to the diversity of local needs” and consider the dimension of social well-being.

Sustainable Development
There are many definitions – the following is the interpretation of the UK Government and the Devolved Administrations ìThe goal of sustainable development is to enable all people throughout the world to satisfy their basic needs and enjoy a better quality of life, without compromising the quality of life of future generationns. To learn more about the Sustainable Development Commission click here (http://www.sd-commission.org.uk/pages/definitions.html)

Voluntary Sector
The range of groups whose activities are carried out on a not-for-profit basis and which are not public or local authorities. These organisations are in general formally constituted and may employ professional and administrative staff and may use volunteer support.

Volunteers
An individual or group who work on behalf of others without being motivated by financial or material gain.

Organisations

Black Voluntary Sector Wales (BVSN)
BVSNW is an umbrella organisation that actively represents, supports and promotes the interests of the BME communities and the BME voluntary sector in Wales. We also provide a number of services directly to individuals, communities and agencies throughout. To learn more about BVSN click here

Commission for Equalities & Human Rights, Wales
The Commission in Wales champions equality and human rights for everyone living or working in Wales. To learn more about the EHRC click here

Community Development Cymru (CDC)
CDC is the National Voice for Community Development in Wales. CDC is an all Wales member led independent charitable organisation. It aims to work across sectors to develop a common understanding of the values and practice principles of Community Development. Promote Community Development at all levels, throughout Wales. To learn more about CDC click here

Community Development Foundation (CDF)
CDF is a charity and public body that advises on community development strategy and delivery to strengthen local voices, help shape communities and change lives. CDF manages funding programmes and projects, carries out policy and practice research and produces publications. To learn more about CDF click here

County Voluntary Councils
County Voluntary Council’s (CVC’s) operate in every county in Wales. Their role is to support, develop and represent third sector organisations and promote volunteering in their county.

Centre for Regeneration Excellence in Wales
The Centre has been established to promote integrated regeneration throughout Wales by sharing experience, good practice and regeneration skills across all the professions that contribute to the regeneration process.CREW aims to connect people and places, and to develop techniques and practices that will assist all those in Wales who are involved in the regeneration process.The website’s resources include a range of Toolkits, How To Guides, information on forthcoming events, and links to networks of practitioners throughout Wales and the wider world of regeneration practice.To learn more about CREW
click here

Education Training Standards (ETS)
ETS is the endorsing body for Professional Standards for Youth Work, Community Development, and Play Work for Wales.

Federation for Community Development Learning (FCDL)
The national network for community development training; FCDL supports community development by promoting community development learning at the local, regional and national levels and by creating appropriate opportunities for training and learning click here

Groundwork Wales
A charity which helps people and organisations make changes in order to create better neighbourhoods, to build skills and job prospects, and to live and work in a greener way. To learn more about Groundwork Wales click here

One Voice Wales
One Voice Wales is the principal organisation for community and town councils in Wales, providing a strong voice representing the councils’ interests and a range of high quality services to support their work. One Voice Wales was formed in April 2004.To learn more about OVW click here

Tenants’ Participation Association, Wales (TPAS Cymru)
TPAS Cymru has supported social housing tenants and landlords in Wales for over 20 years and has a strong track record in developing effective participation through training, support, practical projects and policy development. We have an extensive knowledge of social housing with a focus on issues from the tenant perspective and for tenants’ benefit. To learn more about TPAS Cymru click here

Welsh Government
WAG is the devolved Government for Wales. Working to help improve the lives of people in Wales and make Wales a better place in which to live and work. To learn more about WAG click here

Wales Association of County Voluntary Councils (WACVC)
WACVC is the official association representing all the County Voluntary Councils of Wales. County Voluntary Council’s (CVC’s) operate in every county in Wales. Their role is to support, develop and represent third sector organisations and promote volunteering in their county. Each CVC employs a Youth Volunteering Advisor in each county. To learn more about WACVA click here

Wales Council for Voluntary Action (WCVA)
WCVA is the voice of the voluntary sector in Wales. The WCVA represents and campaigns on behalf of voluntary organisations, volunteers and communities.To learn more about WCVA click here

Welsh Local Government Association
The Welsh Local Government Association (WLGA) represents the interests of local government and promotes local democracy in Wales. It represents the 22 local authorities in Wales and the 4 police authorities, 3 fire and rescue authorities and 3 national park authorities are associate members. The WLGA’s primary purposes are to promote better local government and its reputation and to support authorities in the development of policies and priorities which will improve public services and democracy. To learn more about WLGA click here